Basavanagudi – The Bull Temple of Bengaluru

Situated in the heart of Bengaluru (Bangalore) city, Basavanagudi is an unusual temple in a number of respects. It is one of the few temples where the vahana (vehicle) is given precedence over the master, and such is the popularity of the place, it has been adopted as the name for this residential and commercial area of the city.

The temple is famous for housing a huge monolithic Nandi in the sanctum, measuring a colossal 4.5m high and 6.5m long, it’s both imposing and impressive in equal measure. As one can imagine, how such a large Nandi came to be in this temple is steeped in local legend…

The story goes like this. Many centuries ago this area was known as Sunkenahalli, and was fertile farmland dedicated to the cultivation of groundnuts. One day, a wild bull roamed into the area and started to devour and destroy the groundnut crops, wrecking the livelyhoods of the farmers. In an attempt to drive the animal away, one of the infuriated farmers struck the bull with a club. Legend has it that the bull immediately sat down, became utterly motionless, and turned to stone.

The tale did not end there. Over time the stone bull started to grow in size which worried the farmers greatly, so they turned to Lord Shiva for help. A trident, retrieved from where it was planted near the bull’s feet, was placed on the bull’s forehead to prevent it from growing any further. To appease the bull, a small temple was built on this spot. Later, Kempe Gowda (the founder of Bengaluru in 1537) constructed a much larger temple on the site, built in a typical Dravidian style.

The temple has become famous for the annual Kadalekayi Parishe (groundnut fair) that occurs in November/December, as the stone bull has always been offered groundnuts by the local farmers.

One final legend states that a spring originates from the feet of the Nandi, which is believed to be the source of the river Vrishabhavati river which flows to the west of the city.

Close to the temple is a 3,000 million year old geological formation known as Bugle Rock (closed during my visit), the location of one of the four watch towers built by Kempe Gowda II, this one marking the city’s southern boundary. Legend says that at sunset a sentry would blow a bugle and hold a lighted torch that could be seen from the other three watch towers. This was done each night to communicate that the area was safe.

During the third Mysore War, a contingent from the Mysore army regrouped at Bugle Rock under the leadership of Mir Khammar-ud-din, before launching an attack on the British army.

Below the Bull Temple near the entrance are a cluster of brightly painted temples, all of which were closed when I visited. The largest of these, Dodda Ganapati Temple, contains a Ganesha idol that is ‘decorated’ with 110kg of butter twice a week.

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7 replies »

  1. Adjoining this Basava temple is Dodda Ganapati temple visited by hundreds even on normal days.Also there is a huge Anjaneya temple in the vicinity.The temples in this area all have massive statues.But a visit to nearby Vidyarthi Bhavan is a must forall visitors,masala dosas in this not so big hotel is considered the world’s best.

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  2. Hi Kevin! I live in Bengaluru only! Oh and I came across your blog of kandariya mahadeva temple while I was doing research on that temple for my project! I found all your blogs very informative! Your blogs are amazing and your photography is very nice! Do check out my website:!

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